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What Makes a Good Beginner Cello?

What should you look for in a beginner student cello?

It is vital to invest in a decent first cello for beginner cellists, as the instrument's tone quality will encourage the student to practice and advance, and a well set-up cello maximises the ease of playing. This is true for both young starters or mature-aged beginners. Luckily, it is not necessary to bust one's budget in order to purchase a quality entry-level cello!

As with all string instruments, there are a few key aspects of the cello to consider when selecting your instrument:

  • Appearance: the wood, varnish, and workmanship of the string instrument.
  • Tone: an important factor for all players; the quality of the cello sound.
  • Performance: this relates to the tonal projection of the instrument or sound volume.
  • Condition: How well looked after (if second hand), and how well set up the instrument is.

The quality of workmanship is important, particularly where it contributes to a great sound. The choice of timber is also important although all cellos from Animato Strings, including beginner student cellos, are hand-carved using spruce for the top and maple for the back, sides, neck and scroll. All cellos have an ebony finger board.

Second hand cellos?

It can be tempting to buy a used cello for sale, because entry-level cellos are about three times more expensive than entry-level violins. However, when second-hand cellos are bought from private sellers, the

workmanship and health of those cellos is often unknown to the purchaser.

This can end up a costly experience to rectify, particularly for entry-level cellos. A poor cello may not even be worth fixing as the costs would be out of proportion with the value of the instrument due to poor materials used to make it in the first place, or due to badly undertaken repairs in the past.

However, if a second-hand cello was originally purchased from a string specialist store, then at least we know that it came from a reliable place.

Second-hand cellos that are purchased from Animato Strings have been reconditioned and carry a 3 month warranty. The cello would typically come with a second-hand bag, a second-hand bow and second-hand strings if they are still in good working condition. Of course, second-hand strings, bow and bag wear out sooner than new strings, a new bow and a new bag.

The reconditioning of second-hand cellos is mostly related to replacing or straightening poor or warped bridges, readjusting the sound-post and other things that are related to the body of the instrument. The supplied rosin is always new as old rosins are often too brittle. Second-hand cellos, even when purchased from Animato, are often brands other than the 'Arco' brand.

A new student cello from Animato Strings is the Arco cello that is known for its rich sound. It carries a 12 month warranty - the included new bag and bow enjoy a 6 month warranty, but actually Animato has so far replaced bows without charge that were older than 6 months. (Bows above $100 carry a 12 month warranty.)

Cellos from a Specialist String Instrument store?

Purchasing a cello from a specialist store with a good reputation is the safest option in terms of satisfaction and ongoing support. Be wary of purchasing from non-specialist dealers. A misfitting or badly crafted first cello can cause discomfort and an unpleasant initial experience playing, possibly leading to quick resignation.

A good seller will be more than happy to answer any questions you many have and negotiate which specific instrument best fits your individual needs as well as your wallet!

How do you check the condition of a cello?

When checking the condition of a cello, it is vital to recognise the individual components that make up the instrument.

These include the:​

Cello body and varnish

The varnish in student cellos is less important than the quality of its tone woods and the way it is carved. The golden to dark-brown varnish appeals to many musicians from an asthetical point of view. On occasion Animato offers the same label with a more reddish finish.

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Sound post

It is critical that the sound post is positioned correctly to ensure the cello performs with maximum projection and depth of sound. Nobody likes a tinny cello sound. In addition, the sound post supports the arching of the cello, and it has to be precisely fitted so that it does not cause any long-term damages to the front or back of the cello.

Bridge

It takes a long time to train someone to carve a good bridge! There are too many things to observe to list them here. The main features of a good bridge include:

  • the best possible contact between feet and the arched body of the cello
  • the thickness of the bridge
  • the height
  • the curve
  • the even spacing and correct depth and width of the grooves in the bridge

If the bridge is too high it will make the strings hard to press down, if it is too low it will make the strings buzz as the vibrating strings will hit the finger board.

Neck and scroll

Although the scroll is traditionally for decorative purposes, it is important that the maple neck of the cello is straight, and that the glued-on fingerboard is made of ebony. The ebony of the fingerboard is largely in responsible for keeping the neck straight as ebony is harder than maple.

 

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Pegs

The pegs dictate how the strings are positioned on the cello. Although most peg problems can be solved with various products, bad pegs can be tight or slippery, which makes tuning the instrument a chore.

Fingerboard

The fingerboard has to be planed precisely so that the action (clearance between fingerboard and strings) does not need to be higher than necessary to make the playing as comfortable as possible. If the fingerboard is not properly planed, either the action has to be overly high or a buzzing will happen from the vibrating cello strings as they hit the fingerboard.

Nut

The string grooves in the nut must be at the correct depth, width and distance from its neighboring grooves, similar to to those on the bridge, to ensure user-friendliness. accuracy when pressing down the string, and to prevent discomfort or unpleasant buzzing.

Label

The label may be helpful if you plan on reselling your instrument when you need the next size up. However, Animato is happy to trade in when the time has come to upgrade.

Tail piece

The tail piece alters the tonal qualities of a cello as well. These days, the standard tail piece for all cellos is made of carbon fibre because of its lightness, durability and precision. Because of the light weight it does not interfere with the resonance of the cello.

What size cello is right?

Trying to learn to play the cello on the wrong sized instrument makes it hard for beginners to learn to play and develop correct technique.

Cello back

Because of this, it is important to select the right cello initially so that your posture and technique does not compensate for an ill-fitting size.

For most individuals around average height we recommend using the following guidelines:
(Top shows age in ascending order, bottom show corresponding cello size)

3-4 4-5 5-8 7-10 9-12 12+
1/16 1/8 1/4 1/2 3/4 4/4

 

What do we recommend? 

Unlike many student cellos, the Arco cello is carved from solid timbers, has genuine purfling and it comes with an ebony finger board. It has been set up by the experts in the Animato Strings’ workshop in Australia. This quality of workmanship and assembly guarantees the instrument will perform at its optimum potential.
Arco Cello
With a solid spruce top, maple back and sides, as well as a Belgian-style bridge and genuine ebony fittings, you will find it hard to believe the low cost of this quality instrument.

For sizes up to 3/4 the Arco cello sells for $797(RRP $1099), and the full-size instrument sells for a low $897. +

This outfit includes: – the Arco cello – Soft Bag – Sturdy Entry Level Bow – Rosin – Upgraded strings

The Arco cello is available from size 1/16 to 4/4, catering to beginners of all ages. Although the price is low, the remarkable sound of the Arco makes it suitable for both first-time players and intermediate students. To watch a video demonstration of the Arco click here.

The Arco cello outfit comes with a full year warranty.

It is important to note that each cello has its own tonal personality and has been hand picked and adjusted for optimum tonal performance and playability.

Find out more about the
Capriccio Cello Outfit