Good strings are an important investment towards the sound quality of your instrument. The life of your strings can be maximised by looking after them carefully.
A professional would generally change strings at least every three to six months. A student could expect to change their strings every year. Warchal string makers advise of a commonly accepted lifespan of around 150 hours of playing.
There are several reasons why strings may need replacement.
Some teachers recommend changing strings 4-6 weeks prior to an exam to make sure the strings have settled and so that the sound will be optimal.
Whenever you finish, playing use a dry cloth such as a microfibre cloth to gently remove excess rosin from the strings. If you don’t remove rosin build up regularly it can become harder to remove. If strings are coated with too much rosin, they will not have as nice a tone. Also clean the rosin from under the strings as rosin can also damage the varnish.
About once a week, an alcohol based string cleaner such as Pirastro string cleaner or an alcohol pad can be used to clean the strings. When using alcohol based products, it is essential to prevent the alcohol coming into contact with the varnish of the instrument. You can hold the instrument upside down or place a clean dry cloth between the strings and the fingerboard of the instrument to protect the varnish from the alcohol. Alternatively, you could remove each string before cleaning it. Remove, clean and replace each string before removing the next one. This minimises the risk of moving the bridge and having the sound post fall over. Use the cleaning solution sparingly- a small drop with be enough. After cleaning your strings, make sure that you wash your hands before touching the instruments varnish.
Tuning and fitting strings
When tuning make sure that you don’t over tighten the strings as this stretches the them. Make sure that the pegs move freely otherwise it you can end up over tightening or breaking the strings. If the pegs are sticking, they may need a peg service. If you are comfortable with changing and tuning strings, you can apply peg paste to the part of the pegs that come into contact with the peg box. Otherwise a peg service can quickly and easily be done in our workshop while you wait. If the pegs are still not moving freely, the instrument may need a luthier to work on the pegs or the peg box.
Make sure that your strings are fitted correctly. When winding a string onto the peg, don’t let subsequent windings overlap previous windings. Instead, make sure that the windings are parallel to each other. Here is very helpful demonstration on how to string a violin. The same concepts can be applied to the other members of the string family.
Instrument set up
The set up of the instrument can impact on the life of your strings. The notches in the nut and the bridge need to correspond to the thickness of the strings. These notches also need to be smooth. If the strings are become damaged where they stretch over the nut or the bridge, the notch may need to be adjusted by a luthier. When changing strings, you can apply the graphite from a pencil to the contact points on the bridge and the nut. Lubrication from the graphite allows the strings to run more smoothly and it is easier to straighten the bridge.
String perspiration and aluminium wound strings
Some string players experience a short life span with aluminium wound strings. Acidic perspiration from the hands damages the aluminium windings. Cleaning the string should increase the lifespan to an acceptable level. For those with very acidic sweat, chrome wound strings are advised as they are less susceptible to perspiration.
The unraveling string